Preschool Speech and Language True & False Quiz
To end off “May is Better Speech & Hearing Month”, check out our Preschool Speech & Language Quiz and learn more about a child’s communication development. Contact Talk With Me at 1-888-623-6363 for more information.
1. Approximately 1 in 10 Canadians have a speech, language or hearing problem.
TRUE: For example, 10% of the general population, 20% of those over 65 and 40% of those over 75 have a significant hearing problem www.caslpa.ca
2. The number of cases of ear infections is highest in children from 6 to 12 months.
TRUE: Studies have shown that 80% of infants have had at least one ear infection by 12 months of age. www.msha.ca
3. 25 – 50% of ear infections with fluid in the middle ear are “silent” meaning there are no symptoms that tell you your child has an ear infection.
TRUE: There are “acute” ear infections that can be painful; then there are ear infections with fluid in the middle ear that we may not know about. This type of ear infection is usually associated with a thick fluid in the middle ear that affects the way we hear sound. During this time, a mild hearing loss can occur – and one study found that 60% of the time, parents are unaware of a hearing problem in a child with an ear infection. Watch for signs such as a child who is inattentive, pulls or scratches at their ears, is irritable or listless. www.nlaslpa.ca
4. Noisy toys such as talking phones, toy radios and squeaky toys can cause hearing loss.
TRUE: Literature recommends a safe noise level of 70 dB. Some squeaky toys have been measured at over 100 dB and young children often play with them right at their ear. Cap guns and firecrackers have been measured at over 150 dB and can cause instant and permanent hearing loss. www.msha.ca
5. An estimated 10% of preschoolers stutter.
FALSE: Approximately 4% of preschool age children stutter. Children will often go through a period of normal dysfluency where they sound like they are stuttering. If you have concerns, please talk to a speech-language pathologist who can help you determine when the dyfluencies are “normal” and when they could be the start of a more serious problem. www.caslpa.ca
6. A good way to help a child who is stuttering is to tell them to slow down and think before they talk.
FALSE: Telling a child to “slow down” or “think” before they talk makes them feel like they are doing something “wrong” and can actually lead to more serious stuttering. A better technique is to give the child lots of time to get the words out and to respond to WHAT they are saying, not HOW they are saying it. www.caslpa.ca
7. Often children say their first word by their first birthday.
TRUE: However, children’s language develops at different rates. For some strategies & activities that help “start” the words coming, contact the “Talk with Me” 1-888-623-6363 (Hanen Early Language program, www.hanen.org)
8. It is common for children to only have a few words by 2 years of age.
FALSE: For the “average” child, we would expect to hear:
· From 25 – 200 words by 18 months and some two word phrases
· From 100 – 475 words by 24 months
(from the MacArthur Communicative Development Inventories)
Consider contacting a speech-language pathologist if you are hearing:
· Fewer than 18 words by 18 months
· Fewer than 100 words and/or no two word combinations by 24 months.
(A. Wetherby, 2000; P. Hadley, Hanen Early Language Program, 2004)
9. 75% of children who are delayed talkers (good understanding but not saying many words yet) will grow out of it by the time they start school.
TRUE: However, this means that 25% of children will not grow out of it. If you have concerns your child is delayed, don’t let them be that 1 in 4 who are still delayed by the time they reach school; contact a speech and language pathologist to discuss your child’s speech and language development. It’s never too early to start. (Agin, Geng & Nicholl, 2003)
10. It is okay for people to not understand your preschooler’s speech.
FALSE: Generally, people not as familiar with your child’s speech should be able to:
- Understand at least 50% of what a 2 year old says
- Understand at least 75% of what a 3 year old says
- Understand at least 90-95% of what a 4 year old says
- Understand 100% of what a 5 year old says
Call “Talk With Me” to talk with one of our Speech-Language Pathologists
if you have questions or concerns about your child’s speech or language development.
Don’t Wait & See, Call “Talk With Me” – 1-888-623-6363.